Could Artificial Intelligence Become Conscious? 33 Researchers Contribute Their Opinion

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Over the last five months, we’ve combined a mix of interviews and surveys with some of our most experienced artificial intelligence guests – including computer science PhDs from Stanford, Georgia Tech, and more – as well as some of the most renowned AGI researchers in the world.

We asked 33 AI researchers when they believe (with 90% confidence) that artificial intelligence will be capable of self-aware consciousness. Some of the answers surprised us. To explore the expert opinions, scroll in the interactive graphic below.

Clicking on a date range (example: “2061-2100”) will take you to all of the respondents who guessed that date range as realistic for AI consciousness.

Clicking on an individual researcher will:

  • Pull up the complete response from that researcher (1-3 sentences summarizing their position)
  • Show the academic credentials and current professional affiliations of that researcher
  • Display any related interview links from that researcher, allowing you to glean more of their unique perspective

(NOTE: If you’re interested in the full data set from our surveys, including 12 guest responses that didn’t make this graphic, and expert predictions on the biggest AI risks within the next 20 years, you can download the complete data set from this interview series here via Google Spreadsheets, simply fill out this form)

Given the current direction and prevalence of artificial intelligence research, when do you think machines might gain self-aware consciousness?

Share your thoughts by selecting an option below:

Related TechEmergence Interviews:

To download the entire data set from this interview series and to be notified of future interview series and infographics, fill out this form.


TechEmergence conducts direct interviews and consensus analysis with leading experts in machine learning and artificial intelligence. Stay ahead with of the industry with charts, figures, and insights from our unparalleled network, including executives from Facebook, Google, Baidu, Yahoo!, MIT, Stanford and beyond: